1. What are cookies? A cookie is a small size file made up of letters and numbers that will be stored on your computer, mobile device, or other user equipment used to access the Internet. The cookie is installed by the request sent by the server to a web browser (such as Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely "passive" (does not contain software, viruses or spyware, and does not have access to the user's hardware information).
2. What are cookies used for? These files make it possible to know the user's device and to present its content in the appropriate manner adapted to user preferences. Cookies provide the user with a nice experience while browsing the web.
3. What cookies do we use? We use two types of cookies - per user session and fixed. The latter are temporary files that remain in the user's device until the end of their user session or when the application (web browser) closes. Fixed files remain on the user's device for the period that is parameterized by cookies or until they are manually deleted by the user.
4. Do the cookies contain personal data? By themselves, cookies do not require personal information to be used and most often do not identify the Internet users' personality. Personal data collected when using cookies can only be collected to facilitate user use. These data are encrypted in a way that prevents unauthorized persons from accessing them.
6. Why are cookies important to the internet? Cookies are the focal point for effective internet performance, helping to design a particular pattern of preferences and interests of each user. Disabling or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use. Disabling or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online ads, but that these will no longer appear in your account for favorites and interesting collected through the browsing behavior.
- Examples of important cookie roles (which do not require authentication via an account):
- Content and services tailored to user preferences - product categories and services.
- Offers tailored to user preferences - remembering passwords.
- Storing child protection filters on Internet content (family mode option, safe search function).
- Limit the frequency of ad usage - restrict the ad's display to a specific user on the site.
- Providing ads that would interest the user.
- Measurement, optimization, and analytics features - how to verify a level of traffic on the website, what kind of content is visualized, and how a user reaches a website (e.g., search engines, directly, other websites, etc.).
- Websites develop these analyzes and their use to improve the site for the benefit of consumers.
7. Security and confidentiality Cookies are NOT Viruses! They use the form of plain text. They are not made up of parts of codes, so they can not be executed or executed independently. Therefore, they can not be duplicated or copied to other networks to start or replicate. Because they can not perform these functions, they can not be considered as viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. As they store preference information, as well as the history of user browsing, both on a particular site and on most other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware softwares are unaware of this fact and consistently mark cookies to be removed during removal / scanning / anti-virus / anti-spyware procedures.
Typically, browsers have embedded privacy settings that provide different cookie acceptance, expiration, and automatic deletion levels after the user has visited a site. Other security aspects related to cookies:
Since privacy is extremely important and is the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know the potential issues cookies can create. It sends constant and bidirectional information between the browser and the website, and in the event that a hacker or other unauthorized person interferes at the time the data is sent, then the information containing the cookies can be intercepted.
In rare cases, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (for example: a wireless password-protected network). Other types of cookie-based attacks require incorrect cookie settings on the server. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, hackers can use this vulnerability to deceive browsers when sending information via unprotected channels. Hackers then use the information for unauthorized access to certain websites. It is very important to be careful when choosing the most appropriate personal data protection. Tips for secure and responsible cookie-based browsing.
If you share the access to your computer with someone, you can consider the browser settings for deleting your personal data whenever you close your browser. This is the option to access sites that distribute cookies and delete any kind of information when visiting the closing session.
- Install and maintain anti-spyware applications permanently.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing sites that could exploit the vulnerability of the browser or download malicious software. Ensure that your browser is always up to date.
Many of the cookie-based attacks are being exploited to exploit the weaknesses of old and outdated versions of browsers. Cookies are everywhere and can not be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and greatest websites - local and international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures to surf the Internet.
Disabling or denying cookies can make some sites unusable or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will no longer receive / see online ads. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are generally in "options" or in the "favorites" menu of your browser. To find these settings, you can also use the links below or use the browser's help option for more details.
Cookie settings in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari